Veins are the blood vessels that carry blood (deoxygenated blood) back to the heart from the organs. The veins also store unused blood.
Unfortunately, their function isn’t always seamless, and there are times when the veins bulge out full of pools of blood because of improper/ poor circulation. These visibly large, bulging veins are called varicose veins. Varicose veins are common in legs and even the thighs, although they may develop in any other part of your body.
The large varicose veins are palpable, visible, bulging, dilated to more than 4mm in diameter, and long.
You shouldn’t, however, confuse varicose veins with spider veins. The spider veins appear on the surface of the skin where they appear as short, starburst, fine lines or clusters, and they may also look like a web – the spider veins are not palpable and are common on ankles, feet, and thighs.
Varicose veins – Causes
The varicose veins are mostly caused by blood clots, phlebitis, or the inflammation of the veins, and in other cases, they result from congenital abnormalities seen in the veins.
They are worsened by weight gain, a sedentary lifestyle, pregnancy, and prolonged standing.
Treatment of varicose veins
While there are numerous possible varicose vein treatments, the strategy used depends on the location and the size of the varicose veins. Also, the presenting symptoms matter in the determination of a treatment approach.
Some of the symptom’s physicians look for include skin changes, ulceration, swelling, or dermatitis. In such cases, the recommended treatment options include:
1. Elevation of the leg when sleeping or sitting
2. Use of compression dressings made of either single or even multilayered compression system
3. Wearing compression stockings
Compression stockings help with varicose veins by squeezing the leg, reducing the amount of circulating blood/pressure in your veins. The stockings vary, and they apply different amounts of pressure, depending on the recommendations of the healthcare professionals. The compression stockings are fitted only if the legs aren’t swollen. In some cases, patients require made-to-order compression stockings.
This is the injection of foam or a liquid into the vein, forming a clot that destroys the vessel completely. In sclerotherapy, a fine needle is used to inject some pharmaceutical substance (tetradecyl sulfate, polidocanol, and hypertonic saline) into the vein directly. The injection causes the irritation of the lining of the blood vein, causing an inflammation/ swelling, and the clotting of the blood. Afterward, the vein turns to scar tissue, and with time, it fades from view. Sclerotherapy is used to treat varicose veins, as well as spider veins and generally veins not exceeding 15mm in diameter. After the procedure, the patient’s legs are wrapped in compression bandages for a few days to force the walls of the veins together. The patient could also be put in a walking regimen to prevent clotting.
According to https://rejuveination.com/, if you have larger varicose veins and that threaten your health, then surgery might be the best approach for the treatment of the varicose veins. The surgical processes involved include phlebectomy, also called vein stripping. Ablation and surgery are preferable treatment options when dealing with the bigger varicose veins. During vein stripping, the problematic veins have to be stripped out using a flexible device that passes through the veins. The stripped vein is then removed through an incision close to the groin. Besides the sick veins, the smaller tributaries of the veins are also stripped and removed via small incisions. If the problematic veins are connected to deeper/ larger veins, the veins have to be tied off.
6. Laser Therapy
Laser therapy involves the use of intense energy applied to the affected area to destroy the small blood vessels. For larger varicose veins, endogenous laser treatment or catheter ablation may be used. In this case, a probe is inserted into the large vein in your lower leg, and then the vein is closed off through heat application from a laser.
Note, however, that treatment is not necessary always and the only time that you should seek immediate medical attention is in severe cases, particularly where the varicose veins fail to respond to simple treatments like the use of compression stockings or when there is dermatitis or ulceration.
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